Fingerprint Scanning in Biometric Smart Card Technology
When the fingerprint is scanned, a template is created, providing a measurement for each ridge and groove in the finger. The template information is then translated through a reader that compares the information from the finger that is scanned when a person tries to access an account at an ATM, for instance.
Fingerprints are taken which are converted to electronic templates for use by the card.
An enrollment center then issues a smart card by transferring those fingerprint credentials and a photo to the card. It is not designed to gather personal information. The best part is that this type of system actually protects an individual’s identity
for if someone were to steal the template, they couldn't do anything with it; it's useless outside that one scenario.
A mag-stripe, on average, can hold about 140 bytes. The average fingerprint template consumes around 500 bytes.
There are basically three different types of fingerprint biometrics: minutia-based, which measures the space and difference between the ridges and swirls on the finger; pattern-based, which is like a photograph of the fingerprint’s pattern; and full-image-based, which is similar to a picture of the entire fingerprint.
Fingerprinting is highly distinctive and difficult to circumvent. The challenge to integrate this information among all law enforcement agencies is great. Comparing the print from an entire finger is considered even more accurate
Fingerprinting Plays Key Role in Biometrics Boom
By Paul Korzeniowski - TechNewsWorld.com 01/05
Fingerprinting is an authentication technique that has helped law enforcement officials identify potential criminals for decades, but recently it has started to gain wider usage. The technique is emerging as the most popular form of biometrics, and much of the budding interest is coming from government agencies looking to enhance physical security, such as access to buildings. Corporations are also making a move toward using fingerprinting technology to provide more reliable identification of employees, business partners and customers.
In the IT space, low-priced fingerprinting systems represent a potential solution to a number of problems. Companies need to supplement password systems, which can be easily compromised, and fingerprinting represents a stronger security check.
Health care providers are also starting to rely on fingerprinting when they check in new patients. By forcing patients to enter their fingerprints into biometrics scanners before they receive services, health care companies can cut down on the number of individuals who fraudulently use other individuals' insurance
cards. Fingerprinting can also come in handy before hospitalized patients undergo treatment. A quick check of patients' fingerprints will make it clear to nurses and doctors that patients are properly identified as they are about to undergo various surgical procedures.
While fingerprint use has expanded, there are still a few hurdles that need to be cleared before it becomes a common security check. First, there's the human challenge: Many users are concerned about privacy
issues. To some, biometric evaluations still seem too intrusive, too Big Brother-like, for them to accept. In addition, some users understand that no security system is 100 percent effective, including fingerprinting systems, and they become concerned about false positives.
The ongoing maintenance of biometric devices can often be expensive because few IT technicians are familiar with them. Since it's more complicated than traditional security checks, fingerprinting adds overhead to servers and networks. Transferring a user's biometrics template over a network and storing it is much more costly than transmitting and storing that same user's password data.
Pay By Touch Automatic Payments
Pay By Touch, which is free to consumers, is a new payment service that allows shoppers to pay for purchases or cash checks using a finger scan linked to their financial accounts and loyalty programs
Since July 2004, Piggly Wiggly customers in four South Carolina grocery stores have been using Pay By Touch to purchase groceries using a finger scan linked to their financial accounts. Customer research revealed that 50 percent of Piggly Wiggly's Pay By Touch users are driven by the convenience of not having to present cards, checks, or their PFC/Greenbax rewards cards at the point of sale.
Pay By Touch gives Piggly Wiggly shoppers Express Checking (ACH), a new type of transaction which is a direct electronic withdrawal from shoppers' bank accounts.
When a user first enrolls, they are prompted to create a seven digit number that will aid the system in locating their information quickly. The number is not secret, but only acts as a clarifying preface to the finger scan. The company suggests the user's 7-digit phone number making it easy to remember, after all, the fingerprint is what grants access, not the 7-digit number.
The Pay By Touch finger scanning technology does not store actual fingerprints; instead, it creates a set of 40 data points that cannot be reverse engineered into a fingerprint. The data points are then encrypted and converted into a mathematical equation that allows for a secure identity match at retail point of sale.
It's an identifier based on your finger, but it is not a print that can be matched up to something in some government database.
Unlike cash, tickets and swipe cards which can be lost or stolen, your fingers are always with you -- and no one can use them to gain fraudulent access to your account.
Finger Licking Good Technology
Fingerprint technology is now being harnessed at K-12 schools around the nation for school lunches. Students simply place a forefinger on a small reader by the register. Public schools have adopted this technology to speed operation; simplify payment; limit lunch fraud and bullying; improve National School Lunch Program (NSLP) participation; and to improve reimbursement for programs such as Title I, E-rate, and No Child Left Behind, which use NSLP food service data to gauge poverty.
Teachers apparently love that the new system gets lunch money out of their classrooms. One teacher says she’s gained half-an-hour of teaching time a day, since she no longer has to concern herself with lunch money during class.
In order to identify students and take daily attendance, a biometric fingerprint reader scans the fingerprint as the students enter the classroom to start their day. A series of identification points within the fingerprint are converted into a numerical code that accesses the student's information. The scanning process takes less than a second to complete and a student can be enrolled into the system in less than 10 seconds.
Lock Away Those Firearms
The BioVault from Sequiam Biometrics Inc. is a storage vault that can be used for the safe storage of guns. It can only be accessed through biometrics, specifically fingerprints.
Let Your Fingers Allow the Talking
03/05 - NTT has also developed a capacitor-type one-chip fingerprint sensor that uses about one tenth the power of comparable sensors available commercially, said Hiroki Morimura, senior research engineer at NTT Microsystem Integration Laboratories.
11/06 - (Iowa) Grocery store customers who have set up an account can pay for their purchases by the touch of a finger. Pay By Touch, a biometrics payment service, manages the service for Cub Foods and other retailers.
AuthenTec has more than 3 million fingerprint sensors already in use in the PC, wireless, and access control markets. AuthenTec's biometric products have made fingerprint biometrics viable for mass-market adoption. The company's network of partners, solution providers and customers include; Analog Devices, APC, Computer Associates, IBM, LGE, Microsoft, Samsung, and Texas Instruments.
FaceKey Corp., headquartered in San Antonio, TX, is a biometrics technology provider of security measures for their customers which utilize biometric technologies that identify and allow access to authorized personnel.
FaceKey's technology combines face and fingerprint recognition security geared to reducing fraud and providing better accountability. By combining identification technologies, FaceKey's biometric products are used for a wide variety of access applications ranging from securing corporations' confidential areas and PC access to effectively monitoring time and attendance greatly reducing employee fraud.
Fingerprint Cards has two new biometric subsystems that allow designers to easily integrate biometrics-enabled authentication into other products.
identiMetrics, Inc., headquartered in Malvern, PA, deals in the development, integration and marketing of biometric fingerprint identification solutions, security and tracking biometric hardware and software products for the education market.
The products are biometric fingerprint identification replacements for swipe card readers, bar code readers and PIN pads that allow for quick and positive identification in the classroom, cafeteria, library, nurse's office and for secure entrance to schools.
UPEK's complete biometric solutions offer the security of fingerprint authentication with convenience at the tip of a finger to integrate into a wide range of applications, such as notebook PCs, mobile devices, logical access, physical access, and government ID programs. UPEK's TouchChip™ advanced biometric technology provides accurate, high quality images critical for creating secure customer systems. Fingerprint reader sales, fingerprint module development kits for USB fingerprint readers.
Verifi ID Manager is priced at $34.95 for the software package only, and at $99 for a single retail package that includes a Verifi P3400 fingerprint reader. Channel pricing is also available. Verifi ID Manager and the CS versions are available now, and can be purchased directly from Zvetco Biometrics' Web site or through its channel and retail partners.