Smart Card Organization and Industry Associations
Advanced Card Technology Association of Canada - The Advanced Card Technology Association of Canada is a premier source of information about smart, optical, capacitive and other emerging card technologies, and biometrics. Since 1989, ACT has monitored the Canadian and global marketplace for members from around the world and promotes awareness, understanding and use of these technologies. 905 426 6360
European Smart Card Industry Association - The EUROSMART Association
- European Smart Card Association - was formed in order to promote smart cards and smart card systems.
www.card-forum.com/de/html/set_de.html Card Forum International is published bimonthly and focuses on the information needs of decision-makers in the rapidly growing industry of card-based applications and technologies.
www.epaynews.com Provides news about Electronic and Mobile Payment technologies. The information is updated daily.
SmartCards Trends - links to suppliers and organizations.
GlobalPlatform is establishing standards for smart card infrastructure that enable issuers to capitalize on the power and promise of this new technology by developing an open and interoperable system. Global Platform is an independent organisation seeking to promote a common global and interoperable infrastructure for cards, terminals and systems. That allows issuers from many industries the flexible use of Smart Cards.
Standardizing technology and furthering the development of globally compatible smart card specifications is a key aim for GlobalPlatform, a three-year-old not-for-profit cross-industry international business organization. Its 56 global members include American Express Co., IBM Global Services-Americas, Sun Microsystems Inc., Visa International and the Bank of Nova Scotia.
The organization is working on systems that will allow portability of applications across any chip cards, standardized smart
card management systems, and compatibility with any technology
platform, said GlobalPlatform technical director Marc Kekicheff.
02/05 - GlobalPlatform has published a revised version - v4.0 - of its Smart Card Management System (SCMS) Functional Requirements.
www.icma.com International Card Manufacturing Association
Smart Card Industry Association - The Smart Card Industry Association is a global trade association active in the smart card industry which strives to stimulate the adoption, use, understanding and innovation of smart card technology in the marketplace.
www.smartcard.co.uk/ Platform giving information about smart cards.
The Smart Card Alliance - The Smart Card Alliance is the leading not-for-profit, multi-industry association of over 185 member firms working to accelerate the widespread acceptance of multiple application smart card technology. The Smart Card Alliance represents a very diverse group of industries and government groups, many of whom have seemingly competitive interests. Membership ranges from $1000 to $10,000.
www.smartex.com Asia Pacific Smart Card Association - Global organisation (UK, Asia, South Africa) which creates and manages forums in which companies and individuals in the smart card industry meet to exchange ideas, learn about new developments in their own and related fields, and develop common themes.
The Java Card Forum is promoting Java as the favoured programming language for Smart Card applications and focuses on the development and recommendation of specification to Sun Microsystems, Inc.. The Forum's activities are intended to promote the Java Card API specification as an industry standard, reflecting the needs of smart card manufacturers and their customers.
The WLAN Smart Card Consortium is a major new initiative to define specifications for world-wide access to wireless LAN networks with smart card security and related capabilities. Smart cards will provide functions for world-wide wireless security, quality of service, roaming, and related services. Twenty-three companies and organizations have joined the consortium as members, including major infrastructure providers, card and chip manufacturers, start-ups, and academic institutions.
U.S. General Services Administration Federal Smart Card Website in e-government - major portal to government policies and initiatives with smart cards.
U.S. Government Smart Card Program Standards and Research Department - information about the smart card interoperability program and specification. It describes NIST's interoperability and conformance testing programs and serves as a road map for related information about smart cards. The primary goal of the Government Smart Card program is to build a framework for smart card interoperability, enabling broad adoption of this critical technology by the public and private sectors.
Common Electronic Purse Specifications ( CEPS )
The Common Electronic Purse Specifications (CEPS) define requirements for all components needed by an organization to implement a globally interoperable electronic purse program, while maintaining full accountability and auditability.
One of the primary purposes of CEPSCO, LLC will be to ensure that all interested parties developing or using CEPS-compliant products are able to offer input into decisions which affect the specifications. To enable this, user organizations such as vendors, financial institutions, national payment schemes, telephone companies and mass transit groups which plan to implement CEPS, will be able to participate in user groups. These groups will be able to submit recommendations and comments to CEPSCO, LLC for review and potential implementation.
CEPS requires compatibility with the EMV (Europay MasterCard Visa) specifications for smart cards and defines the requirements for an interoperable card application, the card-to-terminal interface, the terminal application for point-of-sale and load transactions, data elements, and recommended message formats for transaction processing. CEPS also provides functional requirements for electronic purse scheme participants and uses public key cryptography for enhanced security. CEPS builds on the EMV foundation by extending global interoperability to electronic purse schemes worldwide and is committed to its global proliferation.
OpenCard Framework is a standard framework announced by an Industry consortium that provides for inter-operable smart cards solutions across many hardware and software platforms. The OpenCard Framework is an open standard providing an architecture and a set of APIs that enable application developers and service providers to build and deploy smart card aware solutions in any OpenCard-compliant environment.
The OpenCard Framework provides a common interface for both the smart card reader and the application on the card. Basing the architecture on Java® technology has resulted in enhanced portability and interoperability, which are key to widespread adoption. The Version 1.0 reference implementation also enables interaction with existing Personal Computer/Smart Card (PC/SC) 1.0 supported reader devices. The consortium expects to see more advances in growth of smart card applications due to this more flexible infrastructure.
The Open Security Exchange, a program of IEEE-ISTO, was created to address
today's most significant security challenge - the lack of integration among various components of the security infrastructure.
The Open Security Exchange is a cross-industry forum dedicated to delivering vendor-neutral interoperability specifications and
best practices guidelines in security management. This enables organizations to more efficiently mitigate risk, optimize their
security postures and enforce privacy policies.
FINREAD are European specifications from the FINREAD Consortium for an applet-based secure interoperable smart card reader for online transactions implying sensitive data transfers such as Internet card payments.
Association for Payment Clearing Services APACS, the UK payments association, is a trade association for institutions delivering payments services to end customers. It provides the forum to address co-operative aspects of payments and their development.
The world’s leading smart card manufacturers--Axalto, Gemplus International S.A., Giesecke & Devrient, and Oberthur Card
Systems--have created the Smart Payment Alliance
(SPA), a non-profit association dedicated to fostering and facilitating the usage of smart cards to make payments. The SPA
is committed to promoting chip card-based payment applications, improving value-added application interoperability, establishing
relevant specifications, and improving security and quality.
BioSec was set up at the end of December 2003 to engender a European-wide approach to the development of biometric technologies for security applications. It comprises a multinational consortium of companies, universities, public institutions and governments from nine European countries, providing a solid base for piloting prototypes and applications.
The BioSec consortium was set up to conclude its work by end-2005. At the halfway point, the group has just help its second workshop at the European Commission in Brussels to present achievements to date and outline the challenges that are still to be faced. Progress has been good, with a number of workable prototypes developed and good results in field tests.
United Kingdom Smart Card Organizations
The National Smart Card Project was established as part of a series of National Projects sponsored by the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister and forming part of the overall e-government programme identified in the National Strategy for Local e-Government published in November 2002.
Program details documentation on active smart card schemes in the U.K.
Near Field Communication Forum / NFC Forum
All of the large phone manufacturers are definitely interested in NFC, and leading handset maker Nokia is taking an active part in shaping the technology. In 2004, it formed the NFC Forum with NFC's creators, consumer electronics giants Royal Philips Electronics of the Netherlands and Japan's Sony Corp. The organization sets commercial standards for the Near Field Communication technology and tries to open up markets. Philips and Sony launched the technology in 2002.